Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Horticultural Science and Agronomy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Horticultural Sciences, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

3 Department of Sciences, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

Abstract

Purpose: In this study, the effects of different concentrations of salicylic acid on the physiological traits of Alstroemeria (Alstroemeria hybrida cv.ʻSummer Skyʼ) cut flowers during pre-harvest and postharvest applications are investigated. The aim of this study was to identify the best treatments and methods affecting the vase life of cut Alstroemeria flowers. Research Method: The study was performed as a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design using three replications in each combination/mixed treatment. The factors comprised of the pre-harvest foliar and post-harvest (pulsing 24h and continuous) applications of salicylic acid at two concentrations of 30, 200 ppm (SA1) and 50, 300 ppm (SA2), respectively. Findings: The vase life, chlorophylls a, b, and total, relative fresh weight, SOD activity, and the percentages of dry matter and the absorption of preservative solution were evaluated. The results showed that using high concentrations of salicylic acid (SA2) significantly increased the vase life of Alstroemeria. The pre-harvest foliar application of a 300 ppm of salicylic acid would be useful in prolonging the vase life of cut Alstroemeriaflowers and thus would help to reduce the losses caused by the rapid senescence of petals which will lead to an increase in the quality of appearance and economic value. Research limitations: There was no significant limitation to be reported. Originality/Value: The positive impact of salicylic acid (50 ppm) in the pre-harvest method (B) was found, and its application improved the vase life of cut Alstroemeria flowers, which should be taken into consideration for commercial uses.

Keywords

Main Subjects

Ali, A., & Al-Qurainy, F. (2006). The lutein preventation and treatment for age-related diseases. Biological Sciences, 8, 187-216.

Bleeksma, H.C., & Van Doorn, W.G. (2003). Embolism in rose stems as a result of vascular occlusion by bacteria. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 29(3), 335-341. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/S0925-5214 (03)00049-8.

Chanasut, U., Rogers, H. J., Leverentz, M. K., Griffiths, G., Thomas, B., Wagstaff, C., & Stead, A. D. (2003). Increasing flower longevity in Alstroemeria. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 29(3), 325-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(03)00048-6.

El-Shanhorey, N., Salem, M., & Mohamed, N. (2014). Effect of salinity and humic acid treatments on growth and chemical composition of Jatropha curcas plants. Bulletin of Faculty Agriculture Cairo University, 65, 474-488.

Ferrante, A., Hunter, D.A., Hackett, W.P., & Reid, M.S. (2002). Thidiazuron-a potent inhibitor of leaf senescence in alstroemeria. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 25, 333-338. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1016/S0925-5214(01) 00195-8.

Galati, V. C., Muniz, A. C. C., Guimarães, J. E. R., Inestroza-Lizardo, C. O., Mattiuz, C. M. F., & Mattiuz, B. H. (2017). Postharvest conservation of alstroemeria  ajax  using 1-methylcyclopropene. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 41, 181-190. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-70542017412032816.

Hayat, Q., Hayat, S., Irfan, M., & Ahmad, A. (2010).Effect of exogenous salicylic acid under changing environment. Environmental and Experimental Botany,68(1), 14-25. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2009.08.005

Jalili Marandi, R., Hassani, A., Abdollahi, A., & Hanafi, S. (2011). Improvement of the vase life of cut gladiolus flowers by essential oils, salicylic acid and silver thiosulfate. Journal of Medical Plant Research, 5(20), 5039-5043.

Kazemi, M., & Ameri, A. (2012). Postharvest life of cut gerbera flowers as affected by nanosilver and acetyl salicylic acid. Asian Journal of Biochemistery, 10, 20-26. http://doi.org/10.3923/ajb.2012.106.111.

Khodary, S.E.A. (2004). Effect of salicylic acid on growth, photosynthesis and carbohydrate metabolism in salt stressed maize plants. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 6, 5-8. http://doi.org/1560–8530/2004/06.1.5.8.

Luo, Z.,Chen, C., & Xie, J. (2011).Effect of salicylic acid treatment on alleviating postharvest chilling injury of 'Qingnai' plum fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology,62(2), 115-120. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2011.05.012.

Mazumdar, B., & Majumdar, K. (2003). Determination of chemical constituents. Methods of physico-chemical analysis of fruits. Daya Publication House, Delhi, 93-139.

Orabi, S.A., Salman, S.R., & Shalaby, M.A.F. (2010). Increasing resistance to oxidative damage in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plants by exogenous application of salicylic acid and paclobutrazol. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(3), 252-259.

Park, T.H., Han, I.S., & Kim, J.B. (2010). Review on the development of virus resistant plants in Alstroemeria. Journal of Plant Biotechnology, 37, 370-378. http://doi.org/ 10.5010/JPB.2010.37.4.370.  

Rao, M.V., Paliyath, G., Ormrod, D.P., Murr, D.P., & Watkins, C.B. (1997). Influence salicylic acid of H2O2 production, oxidative stress and H2O2 metabolizing enzymes: Salicylic acid mediated oxidative damage requires H2O2, Plant Physiology, 115, 137-149.

Raskin, I. (1992). Role of salicylic acid in plants. Annual Review Plant Biology., 43(1), 439-463. http://doi.org/10.1146/43.060192.002255.

Reid, M.S. (2004). Prouduce facts alstromeria, peruvian lily. Postharvest Technology Information Center, 424, 137-144.

Shibuya, K. (2018). Molecular aspects of flower senescence and strategies to improve flower longevity. Breeding Science, 68(1), 99-108. https://doi.org/10.1270/jsbbs.17081.

Shirasu, K., Nakajima, A., Rajshekar, K., Dixon, R.A., & Lamb, C. (1997). Salicylic Acid Potentiates an Agonist-dependent Gain Control That Amplifies Pathogen Signal in the Activation of Defense Mechanism. Plant Cell, 9, 261-270. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.9.2.261.

Vahdati, N., Tehranifar, H., Bayat, H., & Selahvarzi, Y. (2012). Salicylic and citric acid treatments improve the vase life of cut Chrysanthemum flowers. Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology, 14, 879-887.

Yeat, C.S., Szydlik, M., Lukaszewska, A. (2012).The effect of postharvest treatments on flower quality and vase life of cut Alstroemeria 'Dancing Queen. Journal of  Fruit ornamental Plant Research, 20, 147-160. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10290.012.0024.6.

Zamani, S., Kazemi, M., & Aran, A. (2011). Postharvest life of Rose flowers as affected by salicylic acid and glutamine. Journal of Applied Science, 12(9), 1621-1624.